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Evaluate the physical, chemical and sensory parameters of probiotic yoghurt during storage

Authors:

M. Pagthinathan ,

Eastern University, LK
About M.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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M. S. M. Nafees,

Eastern University, LK
About M. S. M.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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E. Powsika

Eastern University, LK
About E.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

Dairy foods like yoghurt are the main types of food matrices supplemented with probiotic bacteria and they have a beneficial health effects among consumers. In this study, to evaluate the physico-chemical parameters and sensory attributers of probiotic added yoghurts using different concentrations (0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3% and 0.4%) of probiotic (Bifidobacterium spp). The samples were analyzed for physico-chemical, microbiological, and sensorial properties at a week interval during storage of four weeks. The results showed that, the quality parameters such as total solids, ash, fat, reducing sugar, total sugar, pH and titratable acidity did not show any significant difference (P>0.05) for all types of yoghurt at during the first day of storage . Syneresis was high in 0.4% probiotic added yoghurt (40.73±2.05%) and was lower in without probiotic yoghurt (37.70±1.32%). During the storage period, total solids, total sugar, reducing sugar, pH, and titratable acidity were (p < 0.05) varied among the different types of yoghurt sample. At the end of storage 0.4% probiotic added yoghurt showed higher average value of total solids (21.87±1.40%) and titratable acidity (0.67±0.04%), while yoghurt without probiotic showed higher values of reducing sugar (2.17±0.02%), total sugar (10.72±0.21%) and pH (4.38±0.01). At the end of storage, yoghurt without probiotic showed low value of total solids (15.80±1.93%) and yoghurt with 0.1% probiotic showed low value (0.62±0.02%) of titratable acidity yoghurt with 0.4 % probiotic showed low value of reducing sugar, total sugar and pH. During the storage period, dry matter, ash and titratable acidity increased with increasing concentration of probiotic in the yoghurt. Reducing sugar, total sugar and pH decreased with increasing concentration of probiotic. The high numbers of bacterial colony forming unit was showed during second of weeks of storage than fourth week of storage, which is lower than those without probiotic yoghurt. The sensory evaluation of the produced yogurts revealed the superiority of yogurts with 0.3% probiotic was highly preferred by consumers for their taste and overall acceptability comparison with the other types of yogurt. Finally, yogurts with 0.3% probiotic were more suitable for the consumption.
How to Cite: Pagthinathan, M., Nafees, M.S.M. and Powsika, E., 2018. Evaluate the physical, chemical and sensory parameters of probiotic yoghurt during storage. AGRIEAST: Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 12(2), pp.10–18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/agrieast.v12i2.55
Published on 06 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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