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Purification and characterization of cellulase from Aspergillus unguis isolated from decaying coconut wood

Authors:

Mohanappriya Shanmugarajah,

University of Jaffna, Jaffna, LK
About Mohanappriya
Department of Botany
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Ranganathan Kapilan

University of Jaffna, Jaffna, LK
About Ranganathan
Department of Botany
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Abstract

The insufficiency of available natural fossil fuels for increasing human population, air pollution due to partial combustion of fossil fuel and the release of greenhouse gasses have led great attention on the usage of cellulase like enzymes to hydrolyze lignocellulosic substances to produce bioethanol. Thermostability and kinetic properties of cellulases need to be studied before deciding the eligibility of the enzymes for their potential applications. This study was aimed to purify the crude cellulase from Aspergillus unguis and to characterize the purified cellulase. When the crude enzyme from Aspergillus unguis isolated from decaying coconut wood, was subjected to fractional precipitation and dialysis by the addition of 80% saturated (NH4)2SO4, the recovery of cellulase was 83.9 % showing specific activity of 16386.43Umg-1protein. The dialyzed enzyme was added to a column packed with DEAE-Sepharose equilibrated with 0.01M sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) and unbound proteins were washed with the same buffer. The specific activity of cellulase was increased from 3228 to 37071 Umg-1 protein, which was 11.5-fold higher than that of the crude cellulase with 67.6 % yield. The molecular weight of the purified cellulase was determined as 50 KDa using Poly Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). When the activity of purified cellulase was measured at different temperatures ranging from 40oC to 900C at neutral pH, the optimum temperature for the activity of the purified cellulase enzyme was 700C. The pH was optimized as 5.0 for the cellulase at 700C. Michaelis constant for the purified cellulase to soluble cellulose by Lineweaver-Burk Plot was 4.45 ×10-2 moldm-3 and Vmax was 28.5714 mgml-2mins-1 with 10 gL-1 of cellulose substrate, at pH 5.0 and 700C. The purified cellulase was stable for at least 90minutes at pH 5.0 and 700C and the half-life obtained for this enzyme was significantly higher at 700C than any other temperatures. Therefore, the crude cellulase from Aspergillus unguis can be purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation and DEAE-sepharose ion exchange chromatography. The thermostable acidic cellulase from Aspergillus unguis could be apotential candidate for diverse industrial applications.
How to Cite: Shanmugarajah, M. and Kapilan, R., 2021. Purification and characterization of cellulase from Aspergillus unguis isolated from decaying coconut wood. AGRIEAST: Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 15(1), pp.14–27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/agrieast.v15i1.98
Published on 16 Sep 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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