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Assessing farmer attitude on dry cow welfare in selected veterinary divisions in Kandy district, Sri Lanka

Authors:

R. G. D. P. Ranthethge,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R. G. D. P.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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R. M. A. S. Bandara ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About R. M. A. S.
Department of Livestock Production, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
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W. P. C. G. Weerasinghe,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About W. P. C. G.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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T. S. Samarakone

University of Peradeniya, LK
About T. S.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

Dry cow management practices influence on health, welfare and milk production of cows. Poor farmer–cow relationship and negative attitudes of the farmer on humane practices will reduce cow welfare and overall productivity. In this study, farmers’ attitudes on key dry cow management practices and welfare were observed using a questionnaire in a face to face interview with forty dairy farmers in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. Collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 23.0. The majority of the farmers were men (77.5%), whereas small-scale farming (87.5%) with part-time involvement (72.5%) were noticed. Critical risk factors of dry cow welfare such as no higher satisfaction about the industry (74.3%), poor awareness on concept of animal welfare (10%), hoof caring (42.5%), inspection of teats (10%), and deworming (30%) were identified. Male farmers were better than females in welfare-friendly attitudes for health (P = 0.033) and calving management (P = 0.018). Part-time farmers also had a significant impact on welfare positive attitudes towards calving and health management practices (P = 0.038, P = 0.013 respectively). Considerable percentage of farmers were uncertain on (Health management – 10.8%, Housing management – 18.8%, Feeding management – 15.0%, and Calving management – 5.6%) welfare-friendly routine. Hence, we suggest, further improvement to positive welfare attitudes towards dry cow management should be targeted via proper knowledge dissemination and education programs.
How to Cite: Ranthethge, R.G.D.P., Bandara, R.M.A.S., Weerasinghe, W.P.C.G. and Samarakone, T.S., 2022. Assessing farmer attitude on dry cow welfare in selected veterinary divisions in Kandy district, Sri Lanka. AGRIEAST: Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 16(1), pp.56–68. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/agrieast.v16i1.111
Published on 18 Aug 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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